What Is CSS? Definition, vs HTML, Responsive CSS

Properties are things like font size, color, and margins, while values are the settings for those properties, and you can change these by applying changes to the selector. For example, “background-position,” “border-color,” “border-style,” and “border-width, “and “text-align” are properties and “top,” “red,” “dotted,” “thick,” and “left” are values, respectively. In this case, “p” (the paragraph) is called the “selector” — it’s the part of Cascading Style Sheets code specifying which HTML element the CSS styling will affect.

css meaning in computer

This can be used to style the element or select it with JavaScript for interactivity. The magic unit of CSS, the px, is a often a good
unit to use, especially if the style requires alignment of text to
images, or simply because anything that is 1px wide or a multiple
of 1px is guaranteed to look sharp. Its purpose is to
express sizes that must be related to the x-height of a font. The
x-height is, roughly, the height of lowercase letters such as a, c, m, or o. Fonts that have the same size (and
thus the same em) may vary wildly in the size of
their lowercase letters, and when it is important that some image,
e.g., matches the x-height, the ex unit is

CSS Syntax

It can be used to create a layout — for example, turning a single column of text into a layout with a main content area and a sidebar for related information. Have a look at the links in this paragraph for specific examples. In the past, CSS required that implementations display absolute
units correctly even on computer screens. But as the number of
incorrect implementations outnumbered correct ones and the
situation didn’t seem to improve, CSS abandoned that requirement
in 2011. Currently, absolute units must work correctly only on
printed output and on high-resolution devices.

The DCH/CSS oversees the function of the military cryptology system; manages and cultivates the partnerships between NSA/CSS and the Service Cryptologic Elements; and ensures military capabilities. To solve this problem, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) created CSS. Without CSS, web designers must typically lay out their pages with techniques such as HTML tables that hinder accessibility for vision-impaired users (see Tableless web design#Accessibility). Individual browser vendors occasionally introduced new parameters ahead of standardization and universalization. Our exhaustive CSS reference for seasoned Web developers describes every property and concept of CSS. Our CSS learning area contains a wealth of tutorials to take you from beginner level to proficiency, covering all the fundamentals.

CSS syntax

When tags like , and color attributes were added to the HTML 3.2
specification, it started a nightmare for web developers. Development of large
websites, where fonts and what is css color information were added to every single
page, became a long and expensive process. Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.

  • CSS is no different — it is developed by a group within the W3C called the CSS Working Group.
  • To do so, place a + (an adjacent sibling combinator) between the selectors.
  • But as the number of
    incorrect implementations outnumbered correct ones and the
    situation didn’t seem to improve, CSS abandoned that requirement
    in 2011.
  • The
    x-height is, roughly, the height of lowercase letters such as a, c, m, or o.

There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. There is no way to name a CSS rule, which would allow (for example) client-side scripts to refer to the rule even if its selector changes. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties. The aim here is to provide you with a toolkit for writing competent CSS and help you understand all the essential theory, before moving on to more specific disciplines like text styling and CSS layout. The browser support status is shown on every MDN CSS property page in a table named „Browser compatibility“. Consult the information in that table to check if the property can be used on your website.

External links

CSS is used to define styles for your web pages, including the design, layout
and variations in display for different devices and screen sizes. With a simple change of one line, a different style sheet can be used for the same page. This has advantages for accessibility, as well as providing the ability to tailor a page or site to different target devices. Furthermore, devices not able to understand the styling still display the content. Each level of CSS builds upon the last, typically adding new features and typically denoted[citation needed] as CSS 1, CSS 2, CSS 3, and CSS 4.

Those are SASS (SCSS) variables which store color properties so they can be used later on. Also, to give you a basic concept, SASS is a CSS pre-processor which allows you to nest selectors, use mixins, store values on variables, etc. A. Yes, learning CSS is still worth to investment time, it gives you a free hand to design your website as you want. Frameworks is a collection of pre-written CSS code you can utilize as a starting point for your own projects. This CSS examples section contains a wide collection of CSS programming questions.

This means that every valid CSS stylesheet is a valid
SCSS file with the same meaning. This syntax is enhanced with the Sass
features described below. A. HTML is used to define a web page structure, while CSS is used to style it. CSS can be internal or external depending on the requirement, and has higher backup and support than HTML. CSS is easy to learn and understand, but it provides powerful control over the presentation of an HTML document.

css meaning in computer

Pseudo-classes are used in CSS selectors to permit formatting based on information that is not contained in the document tree. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. At this point we’ve already looked at CSS fundamentals, how to style text, and how to style and manipulate the boxes that your content sits inside. Now it’s time to look at how to place your boxes in the right place in relation to the viewport, and to each other. As a newcomer to CSS, it is likely that you will find the CSS specs overwhelming — they are intended for engineers to use to implement support for the features in user agents, not for web developers to read to understand CSS.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert